Cervical cancer prevention is defined by medics as among the most preventive in medicine with an early detection. Over the years, doctors have successfully used the Pap smear test as a means of detecting changes in the cervical cells. Despite the success rate of this kind of test, we has seen a drop in the incidence in the last 20 years, this is due for education, but the medical community is trying to put this number much lower. The cause is mainly because there is not a definite cause. However, physician has proved that two strains of the Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the responsible of at least 70% of the cervical cancer, strains 16 and 18. There are two vaccines approved by de FDA, one from Merck and Co, called Gardasil which protect from the strains 16, 18 and from strains (HPV) strains 6 and 11 which is the responsible in an 90% of genitals warts. The other vaccine is developed by GlaxoSmithKline called Cervarix which protect against stain 16 and 18 of the (HPV). The HPV vaccines is targeted for girls between the ages of 9 and 16, and its’ protections and effectiveness is just before the infection happens.
In a way a finding the best technique and the most effective way of preventing cervical cancer physicians has a direct correlation with the numbers of partners. That is if a woman has sex with multiple sexual partners the risk of having cervical cancer is higher. In a preventive education from the physicians community the use of condoms is encourage to this population in order of preventing STDs such as Chlamydia, HIV, syphilis, gonorrhoeae, warts and other STDs that put women in higher risk of developing cervix cancer.
Doctors ban also smoking for cancer prevention. Tobacco is known to contains carcinogens, which has an increase in getting some types of cancer. In a study of the American Cancer Society, women that smokes twice the chance of developing a cervical cancer in comparison with no-smokers.
What you eat is also important in this prevention, different studies stayed that eating fresh vegetable decrease the presence of HPV. The vitamins A, C and E has lower the risk of appearance of human papilloma virus, there is a study in a women that take high dosis of carotenoids and folic acid in the lower persistence of the HPV.
Medics have also found a link between chemical exposures as a risk factor to developing cervical cancer, tar is the first chemical component related with a cancer, like the scrotal cancer in the chimneys sweeper in London, around year 1780 . Tar is also related because of women that uses of vaginal douches with products containing tar, that is way that after 1990 all this products where remove from selling also douching may weak immune system Products of smoking are very correlated as we stated first tobacco has around 3000 carcinogenic compound like the benzyl (a) pyrenes, polycyclic aromatic compounds, and the tobacco specific nitrosamines . One such compound is NNK or 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl) -1- butanone. The cervical mucus of cigarette-smoking women contains 3 times the levels of NNK compared with the cervical mucus of nonsmoke
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